Sunday, May 24, 2020

Character Analysis Of Rita Hayworths Shawshanks Redemption

TABLE OF CONTENTS PERSONAL RESPONSE: SUPPORTED OPINION PARAGRAPH 2 SOP: WOULD YOU RECOMMEND THIS BOOK TO A FRIEND? LITERACY ANALYSIS: SETTING 3 PARAGRAPH 1 PARAGRAPH 2 LITERACY ANALYSIS: POINT OF VIEW 4 PARAGRAPH 1 PARAGRAPH 2 PERSONAL RESPONSE || SOP I would strongly recommend Rita Hayworth and Shawshanks Redemption, a novella written by Stephen King to a friend because of it’s incredibly entertaining components, excitingly surprising twists and wonderfully deliberate character developments. Firstly, the book was stimulatingly entertaining to read because of the setting being in a prison likewise the focus is about a banker, Andy Dufresne, who is convicted of a crime he didn’t commit: murdering her wife and her lover.†¦show more content†¦In conclusion, I would strongly recommend reading Rita Hayworth and Shawshanks Redemption, a novella written by Stephen King to a friend due to it’s stimulatingly entertaining, exactingly surprising twist and outstanding character development. LITERACY ANALYSIS: SETTING || PARAGRAPH ONE An important factor at Shawshank prison that would have altered the story of Rita Hayworth and Shawshanks Redemption, a novella written by Stephen King, if it had occurred in a different setting, meaning another prison would have been the large courtyard that contributed towards the book’s ending. First and foremost, the courtyard where Red does his special trading of contraband items was larger than any prison in the country, as aforementioned in the book, â€Å"Our yard is big, much bigger than most. It’s a perfect square, ninety yards on a side.† Red, Rita Hayworth and Shawshank’s Redemption, chapter 2 First contact/ the sisters, page 27. Accordingly, it was easy for him to trade, as there was sufficient room for him to deal and get out safely. Arguably, if the book were set in a different prison, Red undoubtedly would not have had the job he had at Shawshank. Conversely, Andy wouldn’t have approached Red for a rock hammer, dozens of rock blanket s and/or the countless sizable pin-up queen posters. Furthermore, were

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Transcendentalism And Its Impact On Society - 1491 Words

Transcendentalism can be seen in many ways, as a good thing or as a silent protest to the many things in society that thinkers found that conflicted with their identified ideology. The transcendentalists basically had this triangle where the basics of their beliefs were outlined, starting off with God at the top, the man in the left corner, and finally nature in the right corner, these could very well be the cornerstones of the transcendental belief system that they have in place. There were many areas that fell within in this triangle, but those are to be discussed later into this evaluation, but the transcendentalist was part of a movement during the 1820’s through 1830’s, ideology was widely changed for the people who believed in such a†¦show more content†¦We, ourselves are connected through the nature that we come in contact with every day, it may be in the wind or it may be in the trees, it is in everything, which one must learn to recognize to become a t rue transcendentalist. Richard Robertson in his paper recognizes, â€Å"Everything that is not me is nature; nature thus includes nature (in the common sense of the green world), art, all other persons, and my own body.† This subject can be taken to whole different level is one were to just think about it, however; Robertson does a good job of conveying the point that nature is so much more than it appears to be. The embracement of imagination was also one of the three transcendentalist ideas that are outlined by the thinkers Thoreau and Emerson. All great people such as writers from different periods who didn’t have the many things that we had now had to use their imaginations to think of things to write about, however; this was still within the borderlines of the ideas that transcendentalists had while they looked at this broad spectrum. Both Emerson and Thoreau are good with imagination, but it’s time to shed some light on the writer that we know as Henry David Thoreau. He is most famous for his piece of work that is titled Walden, a truly brilliant piece of work, written by the transcendentalist himself. Theodore Raddin in his study of Thoreau states, â€Å"TheShow MoreRelatedTranscendentalism And Its Impact On Society1311 Words   |  6 Pagesmore into the world of Transcendentalism. He was a husband a father and a teacher who created a wave through America that still has rippling effects today. Much more came out of this movement including his effect that he had on his daughter who herself spread transcendental ideas through her writings. This man was Amos Bronson Alcott, and he was a reformer of society looking to abide by Transcendental beliefs. Alcott played one of the biggest roles in causing Transcendentalism to be still present todayRead MoreTranscendentalism And Its Impact On Society964 Words   |  4 PagesTranscendentalism began around 1836 in New England. The transcendentalist believed that society and its organized institutions were corrupting the purity of individuals. Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) was a famous transcendentalist that wrote â€Å"Where I Lived, and What I Lived For†. In this literature Thoreau argues that people need to simplify their lives and enjoy it. Transcendentalism played a big role back then and is a big deal even today as is it still relevant in our time period. In the literatureRead MoreTranscendentalism And Its Impact On Society2407 Words   |  10 PagesIn today’s society, a strong emphasis on material wealth exists, while the importance of happiness is underrated. America as a whole is twice as wealthy as it was fifty years ago, while the overall level of happiness has remained stagnant (Belic). Point in case, society must remove this focus on wealth, which is causing many to lead unfulfilled lives of quiet desperation. One can achieve a life of contentment by applying the ideology of Transcendentalism. Concepts of Transcendentalism, such as nonconformityRead MoreTranscendentalism: The Basis of Morality Essay examples923 Words   |  4 Pages Although not looked upon as a widely popular topic in the 21st century, transcendentalism has played a role in everyones life. Action of the tenets and values of transcendentalist people vary. Religious traditions from each generation amplify the movement along with the social and polit ical activity. Transcendentalist believe in the natural man. One who is self-reliant, uncorrupted and one with nature. God is in everything but nothing in particular. ...that great nature in which we rest Read MoreModern Youth Transcendentalism864 Words   |  3 Pages When the original founders of the transcendentalism wrote about their experiences, they had no idea what they would trigger. Thousands of American citizens would end up following their writings and findings looking for a better life and future. They inspired a multitude of individuals to be more than themselves and observe their surroundings. Throughout modern American society, the majority of youths attempt to follow a transcendental path in their everyday lives; however they find it difficultRead MoreThe Influence Of Calvinist Ideas On The Early Nineteenth Century900 Words   |  4 Pageson promise, the idea that an individual can self determine his or her own salvation and Calvinism prohibits individual moral growth. A new movement arose, beginning as a new church reform, the transcendentalism movement encouraged imagination and feeling, something that was new to man. Transcendentalism gave a new perspective to a different way of life, with a focus on self for the nineteenth cen tury. In the early nineteenth century a new movement emerged in America, this movement was howeverRead MoreComparing Romanticism And Transcendentalism902 Words   |  4 PagesTranscendentalism which means beyond thinking is philosophy and literature, belief higher reality that found in sense experience, it has a big impact from Romanticism and has a lot of similarity with The Romanticism that is one of the dominant styles of literature. The Transcendentalists place an emphasis on imagination, insight, and inspiration mainly because of the Romanticism Emphasis on intuition, imagination, and feelings. Authors changed and improved it into the Transcendentalism. TranscendentalismRead MoreEdgar Allan Poe s The Masque Of The Red Death1300 Words   |  6 Pages The Anti-Transcendentalism movement was a time period in which some aspects of society were discontent with their way of life. This was an outbreak of various works of art, concerning the unjust society. This movement took action during the mid-eighteen hundreds in which Poe wrote his short story, Masque of the Red Death According to Edgar Allan Poe in his short story, â€Å"The Masque of the Red Death† â€Å"No pestilence had ever been so fatal, or so hideous.† Even though plagues had been common throughoutRead MoreEssay on Bartleby the Scrivener1515 Words   |  7 Pagesresistance Bartleby exhibits traps him physically and psychologically by surrounding him with â€Å"walls† the narrator symbolically describes numerous times. The idea of transcendentalism arises from Bartleby’s civil disobedience. The notion of transcendentalism is expressed by Bartleby when he refuses to work and spreads the ideals of transcendentalism, yet he does not succeed in break ing free of society’s chains, instead he dies trying. In Melville’s story the use of repetition, symbolism, and imagery proveRead MoreThe Philosophy of Transcendentalism Essay1292 Words   |  6 Pages Transcendentalism was a philosophy that became influential during the 1800s. It was based on the belief that knowledge is not limited to and solely derived from experience and observation but from the truths seem through reason. In the United Sates, transcendentalism became both a philosophy and a literary, religious, and social movement. Emphasis was placed mainly on oneness with nature and God while making the possibility of social change a reality. Ralph Waldo Emerson was the leading American

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Backstage Door Opens And We All Walk Onto The Stage

The backstage door opens and we all walk onto the stage. Mr. H is up at the front of the stage telling us all to be quiet. As I am walking in, I notice how huge the Belchertown auditorium is. The rows and rows of seats must mean that a lot of students attend this school. The stage is much larger than the one back at Pioneer. Shelby and I walk up together to the front of the stage where the rest of our group sits. Flutes always sit in the front. Shelby and I take our seats in the far left of the stage. Shelby takes out her music and organizes it in playing order. Looking around, I notice all the wind instruments are ready sitting down with their music, ready to play. I look to where Mr. H should be standing, but he is not there. Mr. H is in the back shuffling around with the percussionist, making sure they have everything they need. I can tell Mr. H is stressed, his vein on his temple is popping out. Finally, Mr. H steps up to the front where we can all see him. He nods at the judges, signaling we are ready. I sit up straighter and prop my flute up on my leg. The overhead lights come on. I can feel the warmth of them on my skin, they make me squint. As I get used the lights, I see the judges more clearly. Two men, one woman. A man walks to the microphone on the stage and says, â€Å"Pioneer Valley Regional School will be playing Exaltation, Nevermore, and Barnum and Bailey. Group 8,† He nods to Mr. H and walks off the stage. I pull Exaltation out of my music folder and putShow MoreRelatedWhat Is The Best Feeling Essay883 Words   |  4 Pageseveryone. The team and I loaded onto the plane, excited for the adventure of a lifetime. Aboard the plane we all sat together doing homework for the two hour flight to Dallas, Texas. The small wheels of the plane touched down on an unfamiliar ground. The excitement rushed through me. The hotel was beautiful. Chandeliers on the ceiling, art work that must have taken years along the walls. When you walked in the room it was like a whole new atmosphere. The curtains were open for the guests to enjoy theRead MoreThe Secret Is Using The Best9014 Words   |  37 Pagesof something before they had a chance to start. Did she have the guts to follow her dreams and her heart? She wasn’t sure, but she knew she had to try. He was right when he said she was more excited when she was performing. She felt more alive on stage, adrenaline pouring through her veins, the rush of hitting the notes, and the high when she listened to the applause of the audience. Her family didn’t understand it. But Johnny did. He saw what it did to her and Alastair both. â€Å"Hey. You want to brainstormRead MoreBlack Swan Analysis Essay examples2408 Words   |  10 PagesDarren Aronofsky’s thriller set in the world of New York City Ballet is not a prototypical hero’s journey, mostly because it simply doesn’t involve a physical journey into an unknown land. However, as we further examine the structure imposed by writers Mark Heyman, Andres Heinz, and John McLaughlin, we can find many of the plot points present in the hero’s journey also present in Black Swan. The journey is clear, as is the transition into an unknown land; the key difference being that the character’sRead MoreAnalysis of Short Story: Armor10060 Words   |  41 Pageswill keep reading about them. The plot shows the sequence of events which involves the characters and the result of conflict. It may show causes and effects, or in any other way to show a relationship between one incident, and another, and between all of them and the final outcome. It begins by introducing the time and place setting and the main characters which is followed by a complication. This entails the problems and struggles that would be encountered by the main characters leading to the crisisRead MoreSadie Hawkins Day and Valentine Grams18321 Words   |  74 Pagesthe main hall to raise money that will go towards helping children in the St. Jude Children’s Hospital. They also took orders for Valentine grams, consisting of pre-made heart-shaped boxes full of â€Å"sweets for sweeties,† which were delivered today. â€Å"We were really surprised that a lot of people ordered valentine grams since other clubs are also selling grams,† revealed Brandie. Make-A-Wish Club, formerly the 180 C ommittee, also sold Valentine grams to raise money for a similar cause. The club soldRead MoreCosmetic Industry Analysis28098 Words   |  113 PagesWorld? Around the world, stock markets have fallen, large financial institutions have collapsed and even governments have to come up with rescue planning to bail out their financial systems (referred Section 1.1, Figure 1). In this section, we are going to compare BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) and Asia Four Tiger’s (Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore and South Korea) economy by presenting their GDP (Gross Domestic Product) real growth rate from year 2007 to 2009. Brazil isRead More65 Successful Harvard Business School Application Essays 2nd Edition 147256 Words   |  190 PagesT With Analysis by the Staff of The Harbus, the Harvard Business School Newspaper ST. MARTIN’S GRIFFIN NEW YORK 65 SUCCESSFUL HARVARD BUSINESS SCHOOL APPLICATION ESSAYS, SECOND EDITION. Copyright  © 2009 byThe Harbus News Corporation. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. For-information, address St. Martins Press, 175 Fifth Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10010. www.stmartins.com Library of Congress Cataloging...in..Publication Data 65 successful Harvard Business -SchoolRead MoreOrganisational Theory230255 Words   |  922 Pagessituates organization theory within the scholarly debates on modernism and postmodernism, and provides an advanced introduction to the heterogeneous study of organizations, including chapters on phenomenology, critical theory and psychoanalysis. Like all good textbooks, the book is accessible, well researched and readers are encouraged to view chapters as a starting point for getting to grips with the field of organization theory. Dr Martin Brigham, Lancaster University, UK McAuley et al. provide a

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

An Ode to A User Friendly Pencil free essay sample

Once, called away to an unanticipated school conference, I began drafting my short noticed speech with a yellow wooden pencil. Unfortunately this graphite loaded, eraser-tipped writing spear has become an alienated object as I readily admit my dependence on a new technology of writing. I found that I had become so used to composing virtual prose that I could no longer draft anything coherent directly onto a piece of paper. It wasn’t so much that I couldn’t think of the words, but the deliberate physical effort of handwriting, crossing out, revising, cutting and pasting was much too tedious. The writing practices that I had been engaged in regularly since the age of four, now seemed to overwhelm and constrict me as I longed for the flexibility of digitized text. The computer is the latest development in writing technology; a promises to change literary practices for better. Bonnie Laing, the author of the essay â€Å"An Ode to the User-Friendly Pencil† is strongly against the boycotting pencils. We will write a custom essay sample on An Ode to A User Friendly Pencil or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Unfortunately, Laing’s argument that the pencil is superior to a computer is poorly demonstrated due to her biased diction towards analog writing instruments and ignorance of the current technologically driven era. Moreover, a major flaw noted within Laing’s writing is that she establishes an impractical prejudice for pencils. For instance, Laing attempts to persuade the reader using an irrational rhetorical question where she cautions â€Å"†¦can you imagine chewing on computer while balancing your cheque book† (15). Through this question, Laing attempts to justify the pencil’s usefulness; however, chewing any writing instrument is irrelevant since the function of neither the computer nor the pencil is to be chewed on. Additionally, the whimsical diction Laing produced within her essay such as â€Å"I’ve never had to boot a pencil† implies that Laing does not take the topic seriously enough to actually prove the superiority of pencils and would rather manipulate the readers’ interest by mocking and ridiculing the computer (8). Furthermore, our current society has migrated from an era of pencils, to an era of computers as the primary tool to create literature. Society has  reached a point in time where if pencils become obsolete, it would not make a great impact due to the availability of computers. Also, society has become highly dependent on laptops and personal computers (PC’s) as it remains the quickest way to socialize via social networks (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram). Not only did the transition from a pencil and paper to a computer allow for a faster and more efficient method of creating literature, but it also came with several luxuries that include: word processors, internet, software, social networks, data storage, and entertainment. Therefore Laing’s view towards computers is simply personal since a pencil can only perform the function of basic writing and yet a computer can enhance the same function with numerous technological advancements. Likewise, in current day education, assignments and subject courses are becoming mandatory in a virtual environment. Assignments are now being typed and submitted so that the writing is more legible. Needless to say, computers have the extraordinary capability of capturing grammar mistakes instantly. Although this is a positive feature of computers, Laing’s ignorance displays otherwise when she argues that pencils â€Å"†¦won’t insist on correcting your whimsical use of grammar† (17). Hence showing that Laing is uninformed about computers and their role in our current society because she critiques the positive aspects of a computer rather than pointing out legitimate drawbacks of the pencil. Upon summation, a computer is more superior than a pencil as it serves several functions rather than one and is fundamentally integrated within current days’ technologically-driven society. Laing has failed to persuade the reader of the pencils superiority to computers because her sarcastic persuasion displays a noticeable bias towards pencils. The ordinary pencil is too primitive to be compared to the likes of a computer. Computers yield a new era. Comparing two unlike items such as a pencil to a computer (that vary so drastically in usefulness) is just as foolish as comparing the capabilities of a rock to that of a human.

Sunday, April 5, 2020

4 Ways to Tighten WordPress Security - All Easy to Do

While the WordPress core software is inherently secure, the usernames and passwords that you and your sites users choose might not always be. So if you want to keep your site safe from unauthorized access, you need to tighten WordPress security, especially when it comes to your wp-admin dashboard.In this article, were going to talk about why its essential to secure your login screen and dashboard. Then, well teach you how to tighten WordPress security using four different methods. Lets get to work! Login safety is critical for every WordPress website.When people think about hacking, they often imagine hackers breaking into their servers using sophisticated tools and computer magic (as in the movies). However, more often than not, attackers get into websites and accounts the same way anyone else does – by somehow obtaining access to the login credentials of an account at your site.After plugin vulnerabilities, brute force attacks and password theft are two of the most common wa ys hackers gain access to your site, accounting for ~20% of all hacked WordPress sites.While WordPress login system is inherently secure, hackers can still gain access by:Repeatedly guessing username and password combinations until they find one that works (this is called a  brute force attack)Stealing already-valid login credentials via other methodsBut if you tighten WordPress security at your login page and WordPress dashboard, you can stop such attacks in their tracks.Four ways to tighten WordPress securityThe following methods will help you keep your WordPress dashboard area secure. You can even mix and match them for better results.Keep in mind that some of these methods require you to make small modifications to your WordPress core files. The risks of something going wrong during that process are small, but its still smart to back up your website beforehand just in case.1. Whitelist IP addressesWordPress enables you to whitelist IP addresses using your .htaccess file.In som e cases, you may want to ensure that only specific IP addresses can access your dashboard. This process is known as whitelisting, and it can be quite effective. Lets talk about why:You can pick and choose who uses your dashboard.  IPs are unique, so this method is perfect if you work with a small team of users (who  have static addresses).IPs are nearly impossible to replicate.  Unless someone gains access to your team members computers, they cant easily get into your site.Its easy to implement.  This process involves adding a few lines of code to your  .htaccess  file, which is quite straightforward.We previously devoted an entire article to guiding you through this process – check it out if you want to implement this method.2. Protect your wp-admin directory  with an additional username and passwordYou can add login requests that arent tied to WordPress, for an additional level of protection.Aside from handpicking who can access your dashboard, you can request an additional set of credentials before your dashboard even loads. In other words, you can create new user logins that arent tied to WordPress, but to your hosting panel instead.This technique may sound redundant, but heres why it works:It keeps your dashboard safe even if there are compromised accounts.  If an attacker gains access to one of your team members accounts, theyll still need to figure out a second set of credentials.You can change passwords periodically.  If you want to go the extra mile, you can change the passwords tied to your team members dashboard credentials periodically, and remind them not to share those passwords.To add such a password, you can use cPanels  Password protect the directory function on your  wp-admin folder.Keep in mind that the passwords you use here should be different from those used to log in to WordPress itself. That way, youre adding an extra layer of security.3. Add two-factor authentication to your login screenTwo-factor authentic ation adds an extra layer of security to your login process.Two-factor authentication is a simple technique that adds an extra verification factor to your login process, along with your password. It often takes the form of a code sent via text message, email, or even an app, which a user has to enter in conjunction with their password to access your site.Heres why you should consider using this technique to tighten WordPress security:Its safer than using just a password.  In most cases, attackers will need physical access to your devices to receive your two-factor authentication code.There are several ways to implement it.  Two-factor authentication is quite popular these days, so you can implement it using a variety of tools and methods.As far as WordPress is concerned, we wrote a full guide on how to set up two-factor authentication for WordPress.4. Limit the number of login attempts users can makeLimiting the number of login attempts someone can make drastically increases you r login security.If you allow people to try and access their accounts over and over again via the login screen, youre leaving a weak point in your security. In practice, its far safer to limit the number of attempts anyone can make during a specific time period.Lets break down why this method works:It prevents brute-force attacks.  If users can attempt to log in over and over again, it lets hackers and bots try new passwords until they find the right one.It gives you time to respond to suspicious activity.  Some tools inform you about unsuccessful login attempts, which gives you the opportunity to block those IPs or take other measures.This protocol is so popular that a lot of security plugins enable you to implement it in a matter of minutes. Using something like Wordfence helps you  add an extra safety layer to your login screen quickly (as well as a number of other helpful security tweaks).ConclusionFiguring out how to tighten WordPress security isnt as complicated as you m ight think. In fact, it can be downright easy thanks to all the tools available for the job. The only question is what security methods you should use on your site. As far as were concerned, the most efficient approach is to focus on your login screen and dashboard, since those are a major target for attacks.Here are four ways you can secure your WordPress admin area:Whitelist the IP addresses you want to have access to your dashboard.Protect your dashboard using a master password.Add two-factor authentication to your login screen.Use Wordfence or something similar to limit the login attempts users can make.Do you have any questions about how to tighten WordPress security? Lets talk about them in the comments section below! 4 tips to secure your #WordPress dashboard and login page

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Code of Ethics Essays

Code of Ethics Essays Code of Ethics Essay Code of Ethics Essay The NewYork-Presbyterian Healthcare System is built up of a figure of infirmaries. forte installations. and continues attention installations in New York. New Jersey. and Connecticut. Harmonizing to NewYork-Presbyterian ( 2014 ) . most System members are academic affiliates of either Weill Cornell Medical College or Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. NewYork-Presbyterian understands the challenges of today’s medical specialty and makes it their mission to better their patients’ attention by educating the patients researching in their ain community. Their belief is that through consciousness they may be able to learn the patients the things they need to cognize to so take duty for their ain wellness. Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons and Weill Cornell Medical College assist the NewYork-Presbyterian to better their cognition by research and academic capablenesss. The NewYork-Presbyterian Healthcare System is ever looking for every manner possible to better patient attention and give all patients the best possible intervention in their installations. The organization’s mission statement is NewYork-Presbyterian Healthcare System is dedicated to bettering patient attention. medical instruction and research throughout this part of the United States. ( nypsystem. 2014 ) Therefore this gives them three ends. The three ends are advancing patient attention. advancing medical instruction. and to research medical facets in order to hold betterment for society. These three ends are tied to ethical rules because they are three classs. which will demo promotion for the full health care community.

Friday, February 21, 2020

Choose one of the questions Personal Statement Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Choose one of the questions - Personal Statement Example The action reaction phenomenon in physics is also particularly true for decisions on  reasonable  action.  It is an expectation by people that each and every  activity  they partake in is beneficial to them.  The fact that a lot of people are  willingly  participating in this class exercise, therefore, directly correlates to the fact that they must be obtaining mutual  benefit  from this action. This may be in terms of  material  benefit,  benefit  in  knowledge  or even in terms of  emotional  benefit. This factor, combined with the fact that we are  selfless  in nature, provides an excellent  ground  that is strong enough to  inspire  benefit  expectations from participation in the class exercise (Skinner 71). It proved that one only stands to benefit from participation or anything else they  partake  if they are to  perceive  them so. The agreement to  give  the  class  a chance with no  promise  of benefiting in itself shows the  optimism  in the exercise.  Any person that is willing to  see  the  best  of a situation will  keep  an open mind, and  survey  all the prospects so that they are  sure  to  find  positive benefits of their choices.  Attending this  class  with the  notion  that I will  benefit  one way or the other gives me an  edge  over others on benefiting. My mind would be  set  on finding maximum possible benefits from the exercise, and as a result, would be  keen  to  locate  them. This  way  of having an open mind would ensure I  benefit  maximally from what the  exercise  has to offer (Skinner 79). Again, it would ensure that I  am not disappointed  by over expecting or exp ecting benefits from the exercise. It is true that the things that other people do  have  effect  on what others do, and vice versa. This is a  natural  trait in humans and  mostly  bases on the fact that we are all  selfless  and  jealous  beings  inside  (Skinner